Wildlife Conservation

Wildlife and other natural reasources are the foundation of IKONA Wildlife Management Area. Wildlife protection provides revenue and other tangible benefits to the community. Wildlife conservation is essential for the survival of the community. Therefore, long-term sustainability of natural reasorces is critical.

IKONA bordered by Serengeti National Park, Ikorongo-Grumeti Reserves and Sasakwa Concession Area is a home to variety of spicies, including elephant, Buffalo, lion, Giraffe, Wildebeest, impala, Hartebeest, waterbuck, Warthog, Leopard, Topi, Roan, Antelope, Lesser, Zebra, Crocodile,  Hyena and many more. IKONA WMA has taken major steps to ensure the conservation of both wildlife and ecosystem.


Village Game Scouts

Introduction of Village Game Scouts has increased protection of areas outside National Parks but used by wildlife. This hard reduced pouching in those areas as well as in the National Parks as they were used as routes by pouchers.

IKONA has a total of 24 Village Game Scouts (VGS) including 2 womens. All Guards are local and from member villages. This makes protection easier as they know the area and the people.

IKONA VGS have two camps, Twiga Camp located on the East of the WMA also known as The Photographic Area and the Kongoni camps in the Western side of the WMA which is also known a Hunting Block operated by an Investor Singita Grumeti Reserves.

VGS sole purpose is to protect wildlife resources from people and also protect people from wildilife. VGS guards the area against pourchers and also protect people's life and their resources life Farms and livestocks against wild animals.


Boreholes and Dams

With the increase rate of Globar Warming, drought seasons are getting longer each year. Serengeti Eco system is mainted by three rivers Mbalageti, Grumeti and Mara river. Mbalageti and Grumeti are seasonal and they dry out during  a drought. The Mara River is perennial and is vital to maintain the ecosystem during a drought. It's flow rate during a drought has decreased by 68% since 1972. This is attributed to deforestation of its upper catchment in the Mau Forest in Kenya and to extration of water for irrigation in Kenya.

IKONA started building artificial boreholes and dams (known as Rambo in Swahili) in its area to povide water for the animals. The boreholes and dams hold waters during drought and in extreme circumstates IKONA community fill dams with water from other areas bringing by trucks.

These has increased significantly the life span of wild animals and also increases the number of animals migrating from other areas.

Boreholes and dams are not only for wildlife, IKONA has build these dams in member villages for the livestocks.


Head Quarters: Mugumu, Serengeti District,

P.O Box 114,

Mara Region,



Contact Info

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: +255 682 933 133

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